How Does Generative AI Work: A Deep Dive into Generative AI Models

Explainer: A deep dive into how generative AI works

Darktrace can help security teams defend against cyber attacks that use generative AI. With the capability to help people and businesses work efficiently, generative AI tools are immensely powerful. However, there is the risk that they could be inadvertently misused if not managed or monitored correctly. ChatGPT allows you to set parameters and prompts to assist the AI in providing a response, making it useful for anyone seeking to discover information about a specific topic. There are several prominent types of generative AI models, each with its pros and cons.

Generative AI can be used for music generation, code generation, gaming, healthcare and more. In healthcare, it can help generate synthetic medical data, develop new drug candidates and design clinical trials. Video and speech generation – Techniques like GANs and video diffusion generate new videos by predicting frames. Speech generation uses Transformers for text-to-speech conversion, virtual assistants and voice cloning.DeepBrain and Synthesia use video and speech generation to create realistic videos. When you ask the computer to make up its own animal photo, it can randomly generate an original image of an animal that follows the patterns it learned from the real animal photos.


Similarly, generative AI could also help in improving the results of web design projects. Generative artificial intelligence tools could also help in automation of design process alongside saving a significant amount of resources and time. Some of the common applications of generative AI models are visible in different areas, such as text generation, image generation, and data generation. Here is an outline of the different examples of applications of generative AI in each use case. Another way to gain insight into diffusion models is to look at the images produced by a simpler one. Version one of DALL-E often produced images that were nearly correct, but clearly not quite, such as dragon-giraffes whose wings did not properly attach to their bodies.

  • You can also find examples of videos that can transition between text prompts by using Stable Diffusion.
  • We don’t take in sensory data of the world and then reduce it to random noise; we also don’t create new things by starting with total randomness and then de-noising it.
  • Listed are just a few examples of how generative AI is helping to advance and transform the fields of transportation, natural sciences, and entertainment.
  • Generative AI is meant to support human production by providing useful and timely insight in a conversational manner.

It is also important to note that generative AI has been around for a long time. The introduction of chatbots in the 1960s suggests one of the earliest generative AI examples, albeit with limited functionalities. Subsequently, the arrival of Generative Adversarial Networks, or GANs, provided a new path for improvement of generative AI. GANs are machine learning algorithms that help in creating high-quality synthetic data. The potential of generative artificial intelligence for transforming content creation across different industries is only one aspect of the capabilities for innovation with generative artificial intelligence. The increasing interest in generative AI models is clearly visible in the millions of dollars being poured into a new wave of startups working on generative AI.

In-Depth Look at Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) Model

Artificial intelligence has gone through many cycles of hype, but even to skeptics, the release of ChatGPT seems to mark a turning point. OpenAI’s chatbot, powered by its latest large language model, can write poems, tell jokes, and churn out essays that look like a human created them. Prompt ChatGPT with a few words, and out comes love poems in the form of Yelp reviews, or song lyrics in the style of Nick Cave. For example, in March 2022, a deep fake video of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky telling his people to surrender was broadcasted on Ukrainian news that was hacked. Though it could be seen to the naked eye that the video was fake, it got to social media and caused a lot of manipulation.

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Automatically generating content such as images, videos, or text for various applications. For example, programmers can develop algorithms that generate realistic images or videos based on specific criteria or create text generation models for tasks like automated storytelling or chatbot responses. Generative AI leverages advanced techniques like generative adversarial networks (GANs), large language models, variational autoencoder models (VAEs), and transformers to create content across a dynamic range of domains. Generative Adversarial Networks are the most popular models among generative AI examples, as they use two different networks. GANs feature two different variants of neural networks, such as a discriminator and a generator. The generator network helps in creating new data, and the discriminator features training for distinguishing real data from training set and data produced by generator network.

Yakov Livshits
Founder of the DevEducation project
A prolific businessman and investor, and the founder of several large companies in Israel, the USA and the UAE, Yakov’s corporation comprises over 2,000 employees all over the world. He graduated from the University of Oxford in the UK and Technion in Israel, before moving on to study complex systems science at NECSI in the USA. Yakov has a Masters in Software Development.

Milestones In Generative AI Development

Once you’re satisfied with the model’s performance, think about its practical applications. Whether you’re interested in content creation, scientific research, or business solutions, there will be unique challenges and opportunities. Before diving into generative AI, it’s important to have a grasp of some basic concepts in machine learning and programming. Familiarity with languages like Python can go a long way, as many AI frameworks are Python-based. Privacy is another area where generative AI’s capabilities present ethical complications. For example, models that can mimic personal styles of writing can also generate content that appears to come from specific individuals, risking identity theft or unauthorized use of someone’s stylistic “fingerprint.”

how generative ai works

Generative AI will significantly alter their jobs, whether it be by creating text, images, hardware designs, music, video or something else. In response, workers will need to become content editors, which requires a different set of skills than content creation. Open AI’s GPT-3 is one of the largest language models based on transformers. It is capable of generating original text, translating languages, generating various forms of creative content, and answering your questions in an informative way. It is utilized in gaming, fashion, and art for generating realistic human faces. It exemplifies GAN’s potential to bridge real and synthetic imagery by enhancing gaming experiences, creating virtual models, and fueling artistic exploration.

It is essential to carefully curate and address biases in the training data to mitigate this issue and promote fairness in generative AI applications. Generative models have been used for years in statistics to analyze numerical data. The rise of deep learning, however, made it possible to Yakov Livshits extend them to images, speech, and other complex data types. Among the first class of models to achieve this cross-over feat were variational autoencoders, or VAEs, introduced in 2013. VAEs were the first deep-learning models to be widely used for generating realistic images and speech.

how generative ai works

Programmers can use generative models to generate terrain, populate virtual worlds with intelligent NPCs (non-player characters), or simulate natural phenomena. Generative AI models have numerous applications, including content creation, data augmentation, style transfer, and more. As these models continue to advance, they are expected to play an increasingly significant role in various industries and creative fields, driving innovation and expanding possibilities. Before a generative model can produce anything, it needs to learn from existing data. For instance, if the model is designed to generate text, it might be trained on a vast corpus of books, articles, and websites.

Unsupervised Learning: Algorithms and Examples

Transformers use a sequence of data rather than individual data points when transforming the input into the output, and that makes them much more efficient at processing the data when the context matters. Transformers are often used to translate or generate texts since texts are more than just words chunked together. They are used when engineers are working on algorithms that are able to transform a natural language request into a command, for example, generate an image or text based on user description.

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